I’m more critical on Frame on this section. I am not a specialist in patristic literature, but I think I am close. Still, Frame has a number of incisive points that are worth mentioning.
Logos is logos spermatikos, the seed of reason in all peoples. Justin tends to ignore the principle that men suppress the truth in unrighteousness (91).
Justin says we should prefer negative descriptions of God. This isn’t biblical. Scripture doesn’t hesitate to ascribe positive names to God. Differerence here between covenantal thinking.
Borderline Gnostic. God doesn’t create directly “but brings forth subordinate beings to the task” (92). For a great survey see Colin Gunton’s The Triune Creator.
rule of faith: early baptismal creed (Frame 95).
Stronger doctrine of the antithesis and a development in Christian epistemology (98). Tertullian was a traducianist. Tended to confuse metaphysical and ethical categories.
Decent summary of Nicene controversy. The reader is encouraged to seek out Torrance on Athanasius. Frame hints that Athanasius was present at Nicea and made speeches (106). This is highly doubtful.
Good survey of Augustine’s epistemology. I can doubt but I can never doubt my doubting. Truth by nature is imperishable. If truth passes away, then it is true that truth passes away. Therefore, truth didn’t pass away.
My criticisms of Frame in this chapter
*He faults Irenaeus for holding to recapitulation (96), thinking it leads to Eastern Orthodoxy. Well, but what about Ephesians 1:10?