Chapter 2: The Ontology of the Work of Art
Play: the mode of the being of the work of art itself (106). (Note: When a continental philosopher uses the term “play” he doesn’t mean it in the sense of the South Park does in the Jeffersons)
- The work of art is not an object that stands over against a subject for itself; it has true being in the fact that it becomes an experience for the knowing subject.
- Play reaches presentation through the players
- The mode of being of play is mediation.
- The structure of play absorbs the player into itself (similar to the liturgy).
- Play takes place in the Heideggerian realm of the “in-between.”
- “Play” is consummated in the transformation into structure.
- This transformation produces what is otherwise hidden.
- Structure: the raising up of untransformed reality.
- Thesis:the being of art cannot be defined as an object of aesthetic consciousness…it is part of the event of being that occurs in presentation (120).
- Performance brings into existence.
- It acquires its proper being into being mediated.
- Total mediation means that the medium as such is superseded (aufhebt).
- Repetition does not mean a literal repeating.
- Festivals repeat, but the point is not another copy of an original.
- A festival exists only in being celebrated.
- Tragedy: the unity of a tragic course of events that is experienced as such.
- Commiseration and apprehension are modes of ek-stasis.
- This being overcome with involves a division of oneself.
- The final effect of tragedy is to dissolve this disjunction and to liberate the heart (132).
- The Ontology of Picture
- How is presentation (Darstellung) related to “picture?”
- By being presented, it experiences an increase in being.
- A picture is not a copy of a copied being, but is in ontological communion with what is copied (143). It is coming-to-presentation.